How to Fix a Vacuum Cleaner with No Suction – Top Tools Center

How to Fix a Vacuum Cleaner with No Suction

Have you also faced low suction in your vacuum cleaner while cleaning your home’s vinyl floor? The vacuum cleaner is a very useful tool for cleaning and dusting the house. This makes cleaning and dusting your home easy, convenient, and hassle-free. Once it gets old or used too much, you might experience inefficiency. Loss of suction is the most common vacuum cleaner problem.

Vacuum cleaners can stop working for any number of reasons. But you don’t need to panic or worry as here you will learn the main causes of no vacuum and how to fix it. This article will walk you through how to fix a vacuum with no suction. It will help you restore the performance and efficiency of your vacuum cleaner.

Common Causes of Loss of Suction

You’ll find the solution to your vacuum problem, but before that, you have to identify the major cause of no suction of your vacuum cleaner. There can be any reason such as:- clogged filters, a full vacuum bag or canister, obstructions in the hose or brush roll, a worn-out vacuum belt, or a dirty brush roll. By identifying the underlying cause, you can effectively troubleshoot and fix the issue.

Check the Vacuum Bag or Canister

The first and foremost thing is to check the canister or the vacuum bag. Inspect the space in the bag/canister, is it full or not? A full bag can restrict airflow and result in reduced suction power. If it is full, then empty the canister and remove any debris that may be blocking the airflow.

Inspect the Filters

Filters in your vacuum cleaner play an important role in its smooth functioning. They are responsible to trap the dust and debris and maintain good airflow in the vacuum cleaner. If they are clogged up with dirt they may hinder the suction power of the vacuum cleaner. 

Over time they may collect dirt and debris which need to be cleaned up. Check the user manual of your vacuum cleaner to detect the filters and inspect their condition. Then, clean or replace the filters as required.

Clear Obstructions from the Hose and Brush Roll

Hose and Brush Roll of vacuum cleaner

After frequent use, the hose and brush of your vacuum cleaner can fill with dirt. This will lead to poor performance. Check the hose carefully for blockages such as hair, dirt, or other small objects. To remove obstructions, use a flexible long brush or a wire hanger that has been straightened to clear the path of the cleaner. Check the brush roll and thoroughly clean it if there are any entangled hairs or debris.

Examine the Vacuum Belt

A worn-out or loose vacuum belt can cause the brush roll to spin ineffectively, resulting in reduced suction power. To fix this issue, unplug the vacuum cleaner and access the brush roll area. Inspect the belt for signs of wear, such as fraying or stretching. If necessary, replace the belt following the manufacturer’s instructions to restore proper functionality.

Clean or Replace the Brush Roll

A dirty or worn-out brush roll can significantly impact the vacuum cleaner’s suction. Turn off and unplug the vacuum before examining the brush roll. If you notice excessive dirt or debris, remove the brush roll and clean it thoroughly. For older brush rolls showing signs of wear, consider replacing them with new ones for better performance.

Test the Vacuum Cleaner

After all the necessary repairs and maintenance, now it’s time to test your vacuum cleaner. Turn it on and test it over a small area and check, if the suction has improved or not. Although after carefully following the above steps you will feel it regained its suction power. But if still, the suction power is weak, retrace the steps and double-check the filters, hose, brush roll, and belts to ensure they are clear. It is also recommended to test your vacuum cleaner on different surfaces such as carpets or tiles to check if your device has regained its lost potential or not.

Other Troubleshooting Tips

If you have followed the steps above and your vacuum cleaner still lacks suction power, here is what else can you do to troubleshoot your vacuum cleaner:-

  • Check for leaks: Inspect the vacuum cleaner’s hose and connections for any cracks, holes, or loose fittings that may be causing air leaks. Seal or replace any damaged parts to restore proper suction.
  • Inspect the motor: The motor may not function properly if there is any technical issue. A faulty motor can affect the vacuum cleaner’s suction. If you suspect a motor issue, it’s best to consult a professional technician for repair or replacement.
  • Upgrade your vacuum cleaner: f you have an older or obsolete vacuum cleaner that consistently experiences loss of suction, it may be time to consider upgrading to a more efficient and powerful model. Newer models often feature advanced technology and improved suction capabilities.

Always Remember, for the smooth and efficient performance of your vacuum cleaner, and to prevent future suction problems regular maintenance and cleaning are essential.  Refer to your vacuum cleaner’s user manual for specific care instructions and recommended maintenance schedules.


After carefully following the steps we expect you have found the solution for your problem and your vacuum cleaner is working fine. After all, Electric devices require proper maintenance and care to perform smoothly and have a longer life. But if still you haven’t got the desired results and your vacuum cleaner’s suction power is not improved you have to get it repaired as it may have technical issues in the motor or the filter. With a well-functioning vacuum cleaner, you can enjoy a cleaner and healthier living environment. We hope this article clears all your doubts, but still, if you have any other query in your mind, you must read the FAQs below that may help.


Q:- Why is my vacuum cleaner losing suction?

A:- Loss of suction in a vacuum cleaner can be caused by various factors, including clogged filters, a full vacuum bag or canister, obstructions in the hose or brush roll, a worn-out vacuum belt, or a dirty brush roll.

Q:- How often should I clean the filters in my vacuum cleaner?

A:- The frequency of filter cleaning depends on the model and usage of your vacuum cleaner. However, as a general guideline, it is recommended to clean or replace the filters every 1-3 months.

Q:- Can I fix a vacuum cleaner with no suction by myself?

A:- Yes, many common causes of loss of suction can be fixed by following the simple troubleshooting steps discussed above. However, if you are unsure or encounter complex issues, it’s best to seek help from experts.

Q:- What type of vacuum cleaner is best for high suction power?

A:- Upright and canister vacuum cleaners are generally known for their strong suction power. You can check our detailed vacuum cleaner guide in our next blog on the best vacuum cleaners. But remember to look for models with high wattage or those specifically designed for deep cleaning.

Q:- How can I prevent loss of suction in my vacuum cleaner?

A:- Regularly cleaning and maintaining your vacuum cleaner, including emptying the bag or canister, cleaning the filters, and removing obstructions, can help prevent loss of suction and ensure optimal performance.

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